The justice sector is crucial in maintaining accountability of citizens but also other state institutions. At the same time, justice sector institutions can be part of the corruption problem. By undermining contract enforcement and property rights, corruption in the justice sector can impede much needed investment in developing countries. Corruption reduces the accessibility and quality of justice and the legitimacy of not only justice sector institutions but the state more generally. Millennium Development Goal 16 gives new momentum to rethink approaches on how to provide universal access to justice, promote the rule of law, and build effective, accountable, and inclusive institutions.