- The first two decades of the global fight against corruption established some essential building blocks, without which there could not have been any chance of making further progress. These were a necessary stage on the journey. But momentum has waned in recent years.
- As a global framework for holding countries to their commitments, the UN Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) review mechanism is weak. It absorbs huge resources without commensurate benefits. A shift in approach is urgently required to bring about authentic testing of a country’s actions.
- Support for anti-corruption from providers of development assistance is constrained by a range of donor practices that serve to undermine impact. A new conceptual basis for donor action is needed, one built on understanding the incentives for behaviour change.
- Despite the difficulties that have surfaced, the one conclusion we should not draw is that we would be better off simply giving up.