U4 Helpdesk Answer | Private sectorInternational drivers of corruptionPublic financial management

Literature review on corruption at ports and border points in Southern Africa

By Marie Chêne
Expert Answer 387

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Corruption in ports and borders mostly manifests itself in terms of collusive forms of corruption to evade tariffs and taxes and coercive bribery where port or customs officials extract bribes from companies or individuals for performing routine processes. There is a broad consensus in the literature that port and border corruption has a detrimental impact on shipping costs, trade, revenue collection as well as organised crime and security.

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