Environmental crime covers activities ranging from illegal logging, illegal trade in ozone depleting substances, dumping and illegal transport of hazardous wastes, to unreported fishing. It poses serious threats to the environment, contributing to poverty and food insecurity. Corruption can be considered a catalyst for environmental crime. In particular, corruption plays an important role in facilitating fraudulent trade, forging import/export certificates, clearing customs wrongly, ignoring illegal waste disposal, issuing licenses, among others.
This answer attempts to analyse the corruption vulnerabilities in the areas of ozone depleting substances and illegal trade in hazardous waste.
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