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Overview of corruption and anti-corruption in Ethiopia

Sustained corruption and human rights violations have caused widespread unrest in Ethiopia since 2015. A change in the country’s leadership in 2018 provided Ethiopians with hope of a change to the status quo. Corruption exists in various forms, including but not limited to clientelism, kleptocracy, rent seeking and state capture. While anti-corruption laws remain strong in principle, they are not implemented adequately. The executive maintains control over the judiciary and legislature.

22 October 2018
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Main points

  • Ethiopia remains a closed political space, with the ruling coalition retaining all federal and regional parliamentary seats, and silencing any opposing voices.
  • Corruption remains a pervasive issue, and the new prime minister has pledged to make addressing it a priority.
  • Widespread human rights violations and ensuing impunity of the abusers seems to be the norm.
  • The government of Ethiopia’s commitment to anti-corruption needs to be backed up by investing in building the capacity of institutions with anti-corruption mandates.

Cite this publication

Rahman, K.; (2018) Overview of corruption and anti-corruption in Ethiopia. Bergen: U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre, Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Helpdesk Answer 2018:24)

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This work is licenced under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International licence (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)


Ethiopia, political corruption, human rights