U4 Helpdesk Answer | Natural resources and energy

Iraq: Overview of corruption and anti-corruption

By Coralie Pring
U4 Expert Answer 2015:03

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While Iraq has introduced a number of anti-corruption initiatives, these fail to provide a sufficiently strong integrity framework. Political interference, lack of political will, a weak civil society, a confusing penal code, and a lack of resources limit the effectiveness of anti-corruption measures. Corruption in the military and security services and oil smuggling has contributed to the major security challenge that the country now faces with the militant group Isis.

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