Justice Sector

The justice sector is crucial in maintaining accountability. At the same time, justice sector institutions can be part of the corruption problem.

Corruption reduces the accessibility and quality of justice and the legitimacy of not only justice sector institutions but the state more generally. By undermining contract enforcement and property rights, corruption in the justice sector can negatively affect much needed investment in developing countries.

U4 examines approaches to improve justice sector integrity such as the monitoring of judicial reform processes and social accountability mechanisms. The rationale and effectiveness of specialised anti-corruption tribunals will also be explored. 

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Photo: Ben Sutherland on flickr.com

Corruption Hunters – investigating and prosecuting financial crime

Author: Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative
Release date: January 2005

Police Accountability: Too important to neglect, too urgent to delay

This report provides an analysis of types of police misconduct across Commonwealth countries. It focuses, however, on the importance of internal and external accountability mechanisms to efficiently prevent misconduct, abuse and corruption in the police, and compares different accountability models; the report also includes recommendations on assistance aiming at increasing police accountability.

Author: UNODC
Release date: September 2004

UN Handbook on Practical Anti-Corruption Measures for Prosecutors and Investigators

This comprehensive handbook provides practical measures and guidelines for investigating and prosecuting corruption. It covers a wide range of topics, such as detection of corruption and gathering of evidence, use of surveillance and undercover operations, international judicial cooperation, mutual legal assistance and asset recovery. The Handbook is set to continue to be developed. Practical training and case studies will be added, providing practical examples to enhance the usefulness of the Handbook as a training tool. These will provide information about the conditions under which a particular programme may be able to work, and how various practical anti-corruption measures can be adapted to suit the circumstances of a particular developing country.


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