Justice Sector

The justice sector is crucial in maintaining accountability. At the same time, justice sector institutions can be part of the corruption problem.

Corruption reduces the accessibility and quality of justice and the legitimacy of not only justice sector institutions but the state more generally. By undermining contract enforcement and property rights, corruption in the justice sector can negatively affect much needed investment in developing countries.

U4 examines approaches to improve justice sector integrity such as the monitoring of judicial reform processes and social accountability mechanisms. The rationale and effectiveness of specialised anti-corruption tribunals will also be explored. 

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Corruption Hunters – investigating and prosecuting financial crime

 
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Author: Williams, H.
Release date: December 2002

Core factors of police corruption across the world

The author examines institutional and cultural factors that account for police corruption in various countries. He argues that police corruption arises primarily from deficiencies in four major areas: (1) recruitment, training and promotion; (2) resources, such as pay and equipment; (3) systems of accountability within departments, courts and the law; and (4) cultural traditions that inhibit the development of professional police standards. Recent attempts to fight police corruption are discussed and measures for reducing it suggested.

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Author: Pope, J.
Release date: January 2000

An Independent Judicial System

This chapter of the TI Source book provides a concise explanation of the importance of judicial independence and the impact of a lack thereof. It explains the mechanisms by which the executive is able to manipulate judges (for example through the way in which cases are assigned); attention is also paid to the roles of other actors in the judicial system, such as the attorney-general, public prosecutors and lawyers. Checklists to assess the independence of the various parts of the judicial system are provided, as well as a wealth of country-experiences and best practices. Less useful are the recommendations, which have been proven difficult to implement in practice.

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