The justice sector is crucial in maintaining accountability. At the same time, justice sector institutions can be part of the corruption problem.
Corruption reduces the accessibility and quality of justice and the legitimacy of not only justice sector institutions but the state more generally. By undermining contract enforcement and property rights, corruption in the justice sector can negatively affect much needed investment in developing countries.
U4 examines approaches to improve justice sector integrity such as the monitoring of judicial reform processes and social accountability mechanisms. The rationale and effectiveness of specialised anti-corruption tribunals will also be explored.
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Transforming Brazil's Anti-Corruption Record – Interview with Dr. Sílvio Antonio Marques
As the richest state in Brazil, São Paulo has experienced its share of abuse of public office. However, it has also had successful experiences with investigating, prosecuting, and recovering stolen assests – several of which are discussed in this Practitioner Experience Note. Prosecutor Dr. Sílvio Antonio Marques reflects on Brazil's advances in anti-corruption investigations over the past decade, which he attributes to reforms of the anti-corruption legal framework, increasing independence of law enforcement institutions, and greater cooperation among prosecutors, both in Brazil and internationally. Full text available at cmi.no
Specialised Anti-Corruption Courts
More and more countries, especially developing and transitioning countries, establish specialised anti-corruption institutions. A wave of special investigative and prosecutorial bodies (anti-corruption agencies) has been followed by the establishment of special courts to hear corruption and related crime cases. Watch this space for a series of country case studies and forthcoming comparative analysis on more anti-corruption courts around the world.
Publications in our specialised anti-corruption courts series