Fragile States

Learn what can be done to address corruption in efforts to rebuild post-conflict states and in fragile situations.

Fragile states’ weak institutions and policies, in combination with high volumes of aid, make them highly vulnerable to corruption. Citizens of these states suffer the consequences of diverted aid flows, while the destabilising effects of corruption can potentially trigger conflict or a return to conflict. Corruption must especially be addressed in these challenging contexts to support statebuilding.

Explore this U4 Theme Page to:

  • Understand how addressing corruption early supports statebuilding
  • Paul Collier ‘Ted-Talks’ us through how to reconstruct states
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Tiri Testimonies – Reconstruction in Sierra Leone

This video is part of Tiri Testimonies and focus on interviews with social accountability workers on monitoring road reconstruction. Tiri -- Making Integrity Work -- is an independent, international non-governmental organisation, registered as a charity in the UK.
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Author: Verena Fritz and Ana Paula Fialho Lopez
Release date: October 2012

Public financial management reforms in post-conflict countries - synthesis report

This report provides some interesting insights, including on issues directly related to anti-corruption. One of the main points of the report is that substantial progress in PFM is possible even in post-conflict countries. However, results were mainly on the budget execution side. Reforms with strong anti-corruption dimensions, such as procurement, audits (internal and external), budget transparency, parliamentary oversight, etc. did not see the same progress. The tension remains between choosing reforms that are "easier" to implement and pursuing reforms that are necessary for accountability, and ultimately state legitimacy. 

Author: OECD
Release date: November 2011

International Engagement in Fragile States: Can't we do better?

In 2009, one-third of all aid to developing countries went to fragile states. Yet in the world’s most difficult development situations, poorly conceived involvement can do more harm than good. Challenges such as poor security, weak governance, limited administrative capacity, persistent social tensions or the legacy of civil war require responses different from those applied in more stable situations. This report presents the results of the Second Monitoring Survey on the implementation of the ten Principles for Good International Engagement in Fragile States and Situations. The report contains a number of important findings that should serve as a wake-up call to development partners to shift their level of understanding and engagement by seizing the unique opportunities that today’s changing international context provides.


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