Learn about ethical obligations and how to develop and implement ethical standards amongst donors, the public and private sectors, civil society and the media.

High standards of ethics are expected in development operations. Individuals need guidelines on ethical conduct from how to deal with conflicts of interest to how to be a whistleblower if they witness wrongdoing. Organisations need policies that regulate integrity in finances, recruitment, discipline and decision-making. Ethics policies are a key part of anti-corruption efforts to build integrity.

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Author: United Nations
Release date: December 2006

Protection against Retaliation for Reported Misconduct and for Cooperating with Duly Authorized Audits or Investigations

This whistle-blower protection policy (which entered into force in January 2006) is part of a campaign led by the UN Secretary-General to address misconduct and corruption in the organization. It was drafted looking at lessons learned in whistleblower protection schemes worldwide and across sectors. The document establishes an obligation for all staff to report misconduct and to cooperate with audits and investigations. It clarifies which cases staff should report misconduct or corruption through internal and external channels, respectively. 

Author: Dehn, G. & Calland, R.
Release date: January 2005

Whistleblowing - The State Of The Art: The role of the individual, organisations, The State, the Media, The Law and Civil Society

This is the introductory chapter in the book "Whistleblowing Around the World; Law, Culture and Practice published by Public Concern at Work (pcaw). It explains why whistle-blowing is important in reducing corruption and looks at the role of whistleblowing through the lens of four case studies.The paper examines American, Australasian, British, Japanese and South African legislation in brief. It considers the roles of employers, the state, the media, the law and civil society and offers practical advice. As editors explain, only if the good intentions of any law are matched by a change in culture can a safe alternative to silence be created. 


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