Anti-corruption Approaches in Sector Work

Sector specific anti-corruption approaches are necessary complements to general anti-corruption strategies. Here is a collection of information and lessons learned on how anti-corruption can effectively be mainstreamed into sectors.

This U4 Theme looks at tools and strategies that integrate anti-corruption in various sectors. The publications aim to assess what works, what does not, and why. However, evidence and operational guidance in this area is still limited. Therefore, U4 continues to explore this topic further. 

This U4 Theme aims to help with:

  1. Understanding the rationale and value of sector approaches for anti-corruption
  2. Demonstrating how corruption negatively affects sector activities
  3. Identifying sector specific corruption risks 
  4. Understanding how to integrate anti-corruption efforts into sector policies and strategies
  5. Raising awareness of the challenges and opportunities for integrating anti-corruption in sector work

Other sector-specific U4 Themes

Education Sector | Health Sector | Justice Sector | 
Natural Resources

(Photo by World Bank,  IN158S18, on

IN158S18 World Bank


Arne Strand

U4 Director

+47 90604776

Unlocking local solutions to improve health and education

Local organisations are ubiquitous and bristling with ideas to engage citizens in holding their governments accountable for promises made on access to healthcare and education. A project by the Results for Development Institute (Transparency & Accountability Program) serves local organisations who work to collect data on public spending and public services, and share that information with their community so that they can collectively advocate to improve accountability and raise the quality of public services. In this video, project staff and board members explain the thinking behind the programme, and combine this with voices from the three short-form documentaries released this month that will become part of the programme participants' advocacy work in their own communities.

Results for Development Institute.
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Author: UNDP
Release date: October 2011

Fighting corruption in the education sector: Methods, tools and good practices

This publication is part of a series of studies that present methods, tools and good practices to map corruption risks, develop strategies and sustain partnerships to address challenges and tackle corruption in the education, health and water sectors. They help governments and development partners, within established national processes, to identify and systematically prioritize the bottlenecks to progress toward achieving the MDGs, and then devise strategies to overcome them. 

Author: IEG, World Bank
Release date: August 2011

World Bank Country-Level Engagement on Governance and Anticorruption

This evaluation by the Independent Evaluation Group (IEG) of the World Bank analyses the Bank’s Governance and Anticorruption (GAC) strategy. Entering its 4th year of implementation, the strategy seeks to increase the number of programs and projects addressing GAC issues. The strategy was also implemented as part of an ongoing internal reforms agenda, which has sought to create an enabling environment for the Bank to pursue the GAC agenda on multiple fronts—including its operational engagement in countries.

IEG assessed the relevance and effectiveness of the strategy and its first phase of implementation efforts over fiscal years 2008-10 by focusing on the country operational aspects of the GAC agenda. A key feature is its benchmarking of the Bank’s country-level engagement on GAC issues, before and after the 2007 strategy. The evaluation did not review the organizational restructuring of INT and related reforms to strengthen the Bank’s corporate investigations and sanctions regimes, following the Volcker Panel report. It also did not cover the organizational renewal of the World Bank Institute or individual global partnership programs with GAC themes (such as the Stolen Assets Recovery Program).


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