Anti-corruption Approaches in Sector Work

Sector specific anti-corruption approaches are necessary complements to general anti-corruption strategies. Here is a collection of information and lessons learned on how anti-corruption can effectively be mainstreamed into sectors.

This U4 Theme looks at tools and strategies that integrate anti-corruption in various sectors. The publications aim to assess what works, what does not, and why. However, evidence and operational guidance in this area is still limited. Therefore, U4 continues to explore this topic further. 

This U4 Theme aims to help with:

  1. Understanding the rationale and value of sector approaches for anti-corruption
  2. Demonstrating how corruption negatively affects sector activities
  3. Identifying sector specific corruption risks 
  4. Understanding how to integrate anti-corruption efforts into sector policies and strategies
  5. Raising awareness of the challenges and opportunities for integrating anti-corruption in sector work

Other sector-specific U4 Themes

Education Sector | Health Sector | Justice Sector | 
Natural Resources

(Photo by World Bank,  IN158S18, on

IN158S18 World Bank


Arne Strand

U4 Director

+47 90604776

Unlocking local solutions to improve health and education

Local organisations are ubiquitous and bristling with ideas to engage citizens in holding their governments accountable for promises made on access to healthcare and education. A project by the Results for Development Institute (Transparency & Accountability Program) serves local organisations who work to collect data on public spending and public services, and share that information with their community so that they can collectively advocate to improve accountability and raise the quality of public services. In this video, project staff and board members explain the thinking behind the programme, and combine this with voices from the three short-form documentaries released this month that will become part of the programme participants' advocacy work in their own communities.

Results for Development Institute.
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Author: Rose, Richard and Caryn Peiffer
Release date: March 2015

Paying bribes for public services. A global guide to grass-roots corruption

Based on Barometer surveys in Africa, Asia, the European Union, post-communist Europe and Latin America, the book reveals that about 1.6 billion people around the world pay bribes each year to use basic public services. There are wide variations in the frequency of bribery demands and payments between countries, and between services and individuals within each country. However, in most countries where corruption is a significant problem, the public services affected range from healthcare and education to encounters with civil or military law enforcement personnel.

Citizens who pay bribes are sometimes perceived as responsible for encouraging corruption. However the survey data used for this analysis shows that for many, the only alternative is to go without healthcare, or to see their children excluded from education.

Six principles can help reduce public service corruption. The authors propose the reduction of bureaucracy and the introduction of computerised systems to reduce face-to-face contact between officials and service users. They also suggest that reducing scarcity of services and allocating access to them on the basis of objective criteria would make corruption less viable. Finally, it is important to both offer a choice of service providers, whether public, not-for-profit or private institutions, and reward the service ethic of public servants. 

Author: Burchell, Keith
Release date: December 2014

Primary Education Support Programme (PESP) Tanzania

Textbook programmes are notoriously difficult to manage and rarely run smoothly due to the number of unexpected or unanticipated hitches, all the more so when textbooks and desks are being manufactured offshore and subject to factors beyond the immediate control of the suppliers.

Overall, this has been a successfully managed programme with positive outcomes. On the evidence available, all publishers and Jambo Plastics have performed professionally and competently in adhering to the time frames and the specific details of their contracts to which they committed. In total, over 18.5 million books and 886,724 teacher’s guides were procured at an average cost of Tanzanian Shillings 2,717 (USD 1.68/£1.07) per title delivered to the primary schools.

DFID involved DataVision International to build a website to specifically monitor the physical distribution of the textbooks to the schools. In its first year of opera


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