Tanzania has undergone a significant transformation since independence. Now a multi-party democracy with strong economic growth, the government has taken a variety of steps towards good governance and anti-corruption through its National Anti-Corruption Strategy and Action Plan. While there is an established media and civil society presence, the government’s restrictions on freedom of press and association limit the role these stakeholders can play in the fight against corruption. Against this backdrop, corruption is still rampant and is an issue of particular concern in the context of the country’s growing extractives industry. Corruption both within the public and the private sector risks undermining any benefit that citizens can gain from the extraction of natural resources.