Education Sector

Education is key for development. Learn about strategies to reduce corruption’s negative impact on a sector that receives significant foreign aid.

Teachers withholding curriculum to charge for private tutoring, students paying to access exams before tests, ghost teachers and school buildings, embezzlement of capitation grants and favoring of textbook publishing companies in exchange for campaign donations: corruption can take many forms in the education sector. Learn how to address the problem from the ministry level to the smallest school. 

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cover page academic fraud
Author: Eckstein, M A
Release date: January 2003

Combating academic fraud: towards a culture of integrity

This book documents the importance and extent of academic fraud, in a context of the international flow of persons, global communication of information and ideas, and the ubiquity of corporate and other forms of fraud in contemporary society. It identifies major varieties of academic fraud such as cheating in high stakes examinations, plagiarism, credentials fraud, and misconduct in reform policies. Examples of measures to limit academic fraud are presented, including national and local government interventions, punitive measures, the activities of academic and professional organizations, and the promotion of greater academic integrity. Throughout, attention is drawn to increasing participation in academic activities, the importance of qualifications and printed credentials, the international dimensions of academic fraud, and the role of advanced technology in facilitating both fraud and efforts to combat it.

Author: Heyneman, S P
Release date: January 2002

Education and Corruption

This paper provides a useful overview of corruption in education and ways to tackle it, and is notable for providing a much wider analysis than merely of bribery of teachers. Although the emphasis of the paper is on higher education, it is more-or-less equally applicable to other education institutions. Heyneman defines corruption in education and explains why it is important: corruption in education leads to lack of trust in schools, which leads not only to lower economic growth but more broadly undermines a nation


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