Education Sector

Education is key for development. Learn about strategies to reduce corruption’s negative impact on a sector that receives significant foreign aid.

Teachers withholding curriculum to charge for private tutoring, students paying to access exams before tests, ghost teachers and school buildings, embezzlement of capitation grants and favoring of textbook publishing companies in exchange for campaign donations: corruption can take many forms in the education sector. Learn how to address the problem from the ministry level to the smallest school. 

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Author: Ochse, K L
Release date: January 2004

Preventing Corruption in the Education System

This practical guide is produced by GTZ under the sector project ‘Prevention of Corruption’, and addresses those responsible for development cooperation projects aiming to promote reform in the education sector. The guide aims to provide ideas and practical support, and to indicate ways of integrating corruption-prevention components appropriately in projects of this nature. Based on the priorities of German development cooperation in the Education system, the guide is built around the identification of manifestations and possible weak points in terms of corruption related to 1) personnel, 2) the finance and procurement system in educational institutions, 3) access to educational institutions, and 4) quality and quantity of education. The guide proceeds to point out measures to prevent corruption for each of these areas.

cover page private tutoring
Author: Bray, M
Release date: January 2003

Adverse effects of private supplementary tutoring: dimensions, implications and government responses

Private supplementary tutoring has long been a major phenomenon in some parts of East Asia, particularly Japan, the Republic of Korea and Taiwan. In recent decades it has grow significantly in both industrialized and less developed societies. This monograph focuses on the adverse effects of private tutoring, which includes distortion of the mainstream curricula, pressure on young pupils, exacerbation of social inequalities, and manipulation of clients by tutors - particularly in situations where mainstream teachers provide paid supplementary tutoring for their own pupils after school hours.


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